TLDR AI 2024-06-10

Apple Intelligence 🍎, Claude’s Character 🤖, Synthetic-Domain Alignment 📐

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Headlines & Launches

Claude's Character (37 minute read)

Claude is more than just a middle-of-the-road, sycophantic AI that agrees with the user. Claude's personality and character have been specifically designed using a character variant of Constitutional AI. This post goes in-depth on how post-training is used to steer the type of output often generated by Claude to represent this desired character.

Apple To Launch “Apple Intelligence” (2 minute read)

Apple is set to introduce its AI initiatives under the brand name "Apple Intelligence" in iOS 18 and other operating systems, focusing on daily life enhancements rather than creative tasks. Features will include AI-generated notification summaries, rich auto-replies in Messages and Mail, intelligent email categorization, an emoji creator, AI-powered photo editing, and transcriptions in Voice Memos.

Databricks + Tabular (4 minute read)

Databricks has acquired Tabular, uniting key contributors to Apache Iceberg and Delta Lake to focus on data format compatibility for its lakehouse architecture. The goal is to achieve a single open standard for data interoperability to prevent data silos, starting with Delta Lake UniForm's compatibility solution.
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Research & Innovation

Object Detection with Open-Vocabulary Capabilities (16 minute read)

Researchers have upgraded the popular YOLO object detectors with YOLO-World, introducing open-vocabulary detection. This approach combines vision-language modeling and large-scale dataset training, allowing it to identify a vast array of objects quickly and accurately, even in scenarios it wasn't specifically trained for.

Improving Model with Synthetic Data (16 minute read)

Researchers have developed a Synthetic-Domain Alignment (SDA) framework to enhance test-time adaptation (TTA) methods. SDA effectively aligns source and synthetic domains by fine-tuning pretrained models with synthetic data generated through a conditional diffusion model.

Boosting Text-to-Image Models with ReNO (15 minute read)

Reward-based Noise Optimization (ReNO) is a new approach to enhance Text-to-Image (T2I) models during inference that optimizes the initial noise using signals from human preference reward models.
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Engineering & Resources

Inspectus (GitHub Repo)

Inspectus is a versatile visualization tool for large language models that offers diverse insights into language model behaviors.

Spreadsheet is all you need (GitHub Repo)

GPT-2 style transformer model contained entirely in a spreadsheet that includes all weights, parameters, and connections. It is a small model based on NanoGPT that is entirely contained in the rows and columns of a spreadsheet.

Camera Localization with Scene-Specific Landmarks (16 minute read)

Researchers have created a new privacy-friendly method for camera localization using unique scene landmarks. This approach, which uses a CNN-based heatmap and 3D scene landmarks, is both storage-efficient and highly accurate, all without relying on actual 3D point clouds for localization.
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Miscellaneous

Building AI Products (8 minute read)

Large language models (LLMs) like ChatGPT are not databases and can produce imprecise answers to questions, but they excel at generating responses that appear correct. The future of AI involves integrating LLMs into specialized tools or embedding them into existing applications, enhancing functionality while mitigating errors and improving user experience by contextualizing AI outputs within specific, manageable domains.

OmniPose 6D benchmark (5 minute read)

New dataset with 700k+ images and 2m+ annotations for computer vision 6D motion estimation (e.g., positions and rotations).

Spatial Reasoning GPT (8 minute read)

This model uses a number of computer vision techniques to reason about absolute and relative sizes of objects in monocular images.
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Quick Links

How the voices for ChatGPT were chosen (4 minute read)

OpenAI's CEO clarified that the voice of 'Sky' in ChatGPT isn't Scarlett Johansson's and has paused its use after a miscommunication.

Copilot for Telegram (Product)

Microsoft launched Copilot, powered by GPT, on Telegram.

I resigned from OpenAI after losing confidence that the company would behave responsibly in its attempt to build artificial general intelligence (3 minute read)

Daniel Kokotajlo joined OpenAI with the hope that it would invest much more in safety research, but the company never made that pivot.
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