TLDR Daily Update 2020-06-23

Apple unveils iOS 14 & more 📱, Arctic hits 101°F 🔥, nuclear rockets 🚀

Big Tech & Startups

Apple launches Arm-based Mac, iOS 14, macOS Big Sur, and more (6 minute read)

Apple announced updates to iOS, iPadOS, MacOS, TV OS, and WatchOS in the opening keynote for WWDC2020. Public betas will start next month. iOS 14 will introduce new capabilities for Siri, Messages, Home, and Maps, as well as the ability to view PIP video. iPadOS 14 introduces a sidebar to several of Apple's apps, compact notifications, an OS-wide search, and a new Scribble App. macOS Big Sur is the next big update to macOS which will feature a complete redesign, a tool to port iOS apps to macOS, faster loading times for Safari, and more security features. WatchOS 7 will make customizing watch faces easier, and grant users the ability to share faces as well. It adds sleep tracking, the ability to track handwashing, as well as dance routines. A new Metal-optimized graphics processor and other custom acceleration silicon will ship in systems by the end of 2020 and be rolled out to the rest of the Mac line over the next two years.

Microsoft is shutting down Mixer and partnering with Facebook Gaming (5 minute read)

Microsoft will be closing its Mixer service on July 22, with plans to move existing partners over to Facebook Gaming. Mixer has struggled to compete with Twitch, YouTube, and Facebook Gaming. The transition to Facebook Gaming will happen over the coming weeks. Existing Mixer Partners will be granted partner status with Facebook Gaming and streamers who were using the Mixer monetization program will be granted eligibility for Facebook's Level Up program. Viewers with outstanding Ember balances or subscriptions will receive Xbox gift card credit. Microsoft will be working closely with Facebook to bring its xCloud game streaming service to Facebook Gaming.
Science & Futuristic Technology

The US military is getting serious about nuclear thermal propulsion (4 minute read)

Nuclear propulsion has long been theorized as the fastest practical means of getting around the Solar System. A nuclear thermal engine would theoretically heat a propellant which in turn would expand through a rocket nozzle and provide thrust. No such engine has ever been successfully developed. DARPA has recently announced that it plans to have a flyable nuclear thermal propulsion system ready for a demonstration in 2025. The development of these types of engines is now possible with recent new technologies such as the ability to manufacture refractory metals and advancements in supercomputing.

The world’s smallest motor (3 minute read)

The world's smallest motor is constructed from just 16 atoms. Created with an acetylene rotor base, the motor can operate with 99% directional stability at temperatures below 17 degrees above absolute zero. The Swiss scientists behind the project are still working on understanding the processes involved in the molecular machine. A 40-second video is available that shows a video of the motor working along with a computer simulation of the motor.
Programming, Design & Data Science

Learning-K8S (GitHub Repo)

This repository uses a simple demonstration to teach a basic understanding of how Kubernetes works. It only covers enough docker content to gain a basic understanding to learn and work with Kubernetes. While it is long, it should be easy to follow if completed in order.

nginx ui (GitHub Repo)

This repository contains a UI for Nginx. It is useful for making an application accessible when it is being deployed. Screenshots of the UI are available.

The Arctic Circle Hit 101°F Saturday, Its Hottest Temperature Ever (4 minute read)

Last weekend, the small Russian town of Verkhoyansk, located in the Arctic Circle, recorded a temperature of 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit. Once verified by experts, it will be the hottest temperature ever recorded in the Arctic Circle. The average high temperature in January in the town is -44 degrees Fahrenheit. Temperatures in the area have risen significantly above average in the last few months. Earth's poles warm faster than the rest of the planet due to atmospheric processes. High latitude countries will experience significantly more warming than low latitude countries. This dramatic warming of the Arctic up to triple-digit temperatures wasn't expected to happen until 2100.

Journalist’s phone hacked by new ‘invisible’ technique (12 minute read)

A tool used by parties associated with the Moroccan government was able to hack a journalist's phone by intercepting the journalist's cellular signal and returning malicious code, without the journalist ever noticing that anything had happened despite being trained in encryption and cybersecurity. The hack only required him to visit any website. Using the hack, the attackers could access all the data on the phone, listen to calls and monitor video conferences, and even turn on the camera and microphone to monitor the journalist at any moment. Network injection attacks leave virtually no trace, making it impossible to determine what weakness was exploited to gain access to the phone. It is likely that the Moroccan government was directly behind the attack.

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