TLDR Daily Update 2019-05-28

Apple's secret facility, send your name to Mars

Big Tech & Startups

Inside Apple’s Top Secret Testing Facilities Where iPhone Defences are Forged in Temperatures of -40C (23 minute read)

Apple tests its chips for security and privacy flaws in a special facility on its campus. When designing a product, Apple abides by a 'privacy by design' philosophy, where everything is created with privacy as a priority. Apple also follows a 'privacy by default' policy, which means that they won't allow data gathering unless there is a real need for it. Unlike software, chips can't be updated after they leave production, so Apple tests their chips in extreme conditions to make sure that they are able to keep customer information safe no matter what happens.

TikTok parent ByteDance is reportedly making a smartphone (2 minute read)

ByteDance, the company that created the video app TikTok, is planning to create its own smartphone. The smartphone will be preloaded with ByteDance's own apps, such as TikTok, Jinri Toutiao, and a new unreleased music streaming service. A deal between ByteDance and smartphone maker Smartisan has been confirmed. Other companies, such as Facebook and Amazon, have attempted unsuccessfully to launch their own smartphones that were preloaded with their own apps.
Science & Futuristic Technology

Robocrop: world's first raspberry-picking robot set to work (4 minute read)

The world's first raspberry-picking robot had begun trials in the UK as the agriculture industry battles rising labor costs and shortages of seasonal workers. Guided by sensors and 3D cameras, the robot will be able to harvest more than 25,000 raspberries a day. Human workers can only harvest around 15,000 raspberries within an eight-hour shift. The developers of the robot wanted to focus on difficult soft fruits first as the technology can then be tweaked to other fruits and vegetables. Despite new governmental programs to incentivize seasonal workers to come to the UK, Farmers have seen an increasing shortage of workers year after year. Robots will be able to raise productivity while solving the worker shortage issue.

Now’s the time to get your name on NASA’s next mission to Mars (2 minute read)

The public will again have the chance to have their name sent into space as part of a NASA mission. NASA will be sending the next Mars Rover in 2020 in order to discover clues as to whether the planet has ever hosted alien life. It will also be preparing dirt samples for collection by a future mission. People can submit their names to be engraved onto a silicon chip which will be installed in the Rover.
Programming, Design & Data Science

Android Developer Roadmap 2019 (GitHub Repo)

This repository contains a roadmap for developers to follow if they're beginning to learn Android development in 2019. The flowchart covers all the essentials for developers, according to the Android community. This list is not comprehensive as there are too many topics to cover, so developers are encouraged to look deeper into each section on their own.

minimalRL-pytorch (GitHub Repo)

minimalRL-pytorch is a collection of pytorch-based implementations of basic RL algorithms with minimal lines of code. Each algorithm is complete within a single file, contains around 100-150 lines of code, and can be trained within 30 seconds without a GPU. minimalRL-pytorch can only be run on Python 3.

Ask HN: How can I work towards building a company while employed? (Hacker News thread)

A user asks how they can continue to build their own company while restricted by employee clauses which state that all IP developed while at the company is owned by the company. The top commenter's view is that it will take years of hard work before the user’s company will become successful, and it is likely that employers will not even take note of the new company’s success unless it is extraordinary. Other advice suggests that the person should continue to network and educate themselves so that they are ready to build the company when they leave their employer.

Chinese developers fear losing open source tech to trade war (4 minute read)

The US-China trade war may begin to affect software developers in China as they question whether access to GitHub will be restricted. GitHub's export control rules state that the company must comply with US export laws, which may mean it must follow the same rules that restrict exports to Huawei and other similar companies. The Apache Software Foundation, another open-source distributor in the US, released a statement that said that open-source code was not subject to these trade agreements. Open-source code forms the backbone of a lot of projects, so this could have a large impact on the software industry in China.

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